Farshad Farivar defines canyoning as travelling in canyons using different techniques like climbing, jumping, walking, scrambling, swimming or rappelling. When Farshad Farivar uses a term canyons here he means a deep ravine between cliffs mostly craved from landscape by the erosive activity. He says that this activity is mostly done in remote and rugged settings and need the navigation map with the participant. It also requires the person to be familiar with wilderness and route finding skills.
Farshad Farivar says that canyons that are considered ideal for canyoning are mostly cut into the bedrock stone, resulting in formation of narrow gorges with numerous drops. These may have beautiful sculpted walls or may be waterfalls. Farshad Farivar says that most of the canyons are cut into basalt, granite, sandstone or lime stone. He says that canyons can be quite easy or extremely difficult to find at times. Farshad Farivar says that this activity includes usage of climbing hardware, wetsuits, helmets, and static ropes, shoes which are specially designed for this activity, packs and rope bags. He also lays stress on gaining knowledge about other related activities that may be used while performing canyoning.
Farshad Farivar warns about the dangers that can be encountered while carrying out this activity of canyoning. He says that escaping out the sides of a canyon is quite possible and only completion of descent is possible. And because these canyons are remote and not that easy to be accessed the chances of rescue is less and the person may need to remain there for several hours.
Another danger that Farshad Farivar talks about is flash floods. This happens when a large amount of precipitation falls in the drainage and moreover water level rises quickly in canyons. The rainfall is also quite often in canyons therefore a very calm and dry canyon can become violent torrent because of severe thunderstorm. Other such dangers can be related to temperature, narrow potholes and narrow slots. While performing this activity the people is sometimes needed to face different temperature and are required to cross very narrow potholes and slots that are too dangerous that even a single mistake can ruin everything.
Farshad Farivar says that it becomes must to have proper knowledge and training about canyoning before practicing this activity. Farshad Farivar says that there are several sources for the people who want to learn and gain knowledge about canyoning. There are many reputed organizations that organizes classes for the learners from all age groups covering beginners, intermediate and even experts who want to brush up and practice this great recreational activity known as Canyoning.